Shiva is the demi-God from Hindu as “the Transformer” at CERN

India is involved in developments at CERN going back to the 1970s mainly with physicists from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). Shiva (“The Auspicious One“), also known as Mahadeva (“Great God“), is a demi-God and not female standing outside CERN. He is the supreme god within Shaivism, one of the three most influential denominations in contemporary Hinduism. He is one of the five primary forms of God in the Smarta tradition, and “the Destroyer” or “the Transformer” among the Trimurti, the Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine.

ShivaHigh-energy physicists from India, mainly from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), have been participating in experiments at CERN since the 1970s. Subsequently, the TIFR-EHEP Group joined the L3 experiment, contributing hardware for the endcap hadron calorimeter, making major contributions to core software and participating in important physics analyses such as the lineshape analysis, Higgs searches, QCD and b-quark physics.

Physicists from India are involved with ALICE. ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a heavy-ion detector on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) ring. It is designed to study the physics of strongly interacting matter at extreme energy densities, where a phase of matter called quark-gluon plasma forms.

In the 1990s, The Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT) at Indore delivered hardware for LEP, and the Indian High-Energy Heavy Ion Physics Team contributed to the construction of Photon Multiplicity Detector for the WA93 experiment at the CERN-SPS, followed by physics analyses and publications. In 1991, a Co-operation Agreement between the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) of the government of India and CERN concerning the further development of scientific and technical cooperation in the research projects of CERN was signed.