It is not just about the Peter Higgs, you know. The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, otherwise known as the biggest and most powerful particle accelerator ever built, is being used to paint the clearest picture yet of the earliest moments of the universe’s existence. [I don’t accept this reason. I think it is cover for something far more serious about what CERN is being used for.] Part of that puzzle is about the hunt for the Higgs boson, [Peter Higgs is a British theoretical physicist. Higgs was involved with CERN from the very beginning when CERN organized in 1952.] but there are plenty of other areas of interest.
The time just after the Big Bang [“Big bang” is simply the cover story about CERN’s purpose.] was strange indeed: matter existed, but not as we know it. The basic building blocks of all matter are quarks and gluons. Quarks come in all sorts of flavours: up, down, strange, charmed, top and bottom.
Today, 13.5 billion years or so after the universe popped into being, these building blocks are neatly arranged inside protons and neutrons. But back in the day, they roamed freely in an extremely hot and dense quark-gluon plasma.
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